Who would have thought that delving into the history of the Oxford English Dictionary would produce such a riveting tale of murder and madness, brilliant minds and dogged determination.
It was on Eliis Nelson’s blog that I first heard of The Surgeon of Crowthorne by Simon Winchester. And what a great read it turned out to be. Over the years there had been other attempts to make collections of words but the Oxford English Dictionary was the first great attempt to set out the history and meaning of every word in the English language. Supervised by Dr James Murray, hordes of volunteers collected words. One contributor showed himself to be highly intelligent and absolutely the right kind of researcher for this task.
That researcher was Dr W.C Minor. He had been a surgeon during the American Civil War but signs of mental illness caused him to give up medicine. While travelling overseas he suffered from delusions and in that state committed murder in London and was placed in Broadmoor Asylum. The book is largely about his life story and his connection with the O.E.D.
Words are our means of communication. I can only hope that the words that I have used so far in this post mean exactly the same to you as they did to me when I wrote them. In my adult life have relied on three books to help me with the meaning of words – Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary, Fowler’s Modern English Usage and Roget’s Thesaurus. I wonder how many school leavers will actually add a physical, hold-in-your-hand dictionary as a must-have possession or whether they will just rely on online resources.
The changes that take place in meanings over the years can be a problem. Some words have changed so dramatically that I can no longer use them in their earlier meaning. Recently I was feeling gay, using it with its old meaning. But if I didn’t explain my meaning , you would just take the word gay at its present face value. I didn’t want to say I was happy – that word to me is too serene, too calm, very pleased with life. But gay still means I am pleased with life at the moment but it has a bounciness, I want to give a little skip as I come down the hall, a feeling of sheer delight. The meaning of happy and gay that you have built up in your mind dictionary might be slightly different to mine but there would be sufficient meaning in common for us to communicate, as long as you are old enough to know the previous meaning of gay. So…. Yesterday I was happy. Today I am gay,
Another word which is changing its meaning is marriage. I’d be quite happy to see that word honourably retired and have the lexicographers devise a new umbrella word to cover all forms of vowed intimacy, allowing for the fact that some time in the future someone will probably start agitating to include threesomes and foursomes !
These are all thoughts arising from my reading of the book. But I was saddened by the amount of personal information the author gives us about Dr. Minor’s illness. I have done quite a bit of family history research and it’s always exciting when you find a new snippet of information apart from the official births, deaths and marriages – an old photo, a newspaper reference, an old letter, So it was enough to know from the newspapers the details of Minor’s conviction. It would have been enough to tell us how he went about contributing to the dictionary. But Winchester had to make a juicy story by invading the very privacy of Minor’s mind by using the Broadmoor records. Even though Dr Minor is dead I believe he is still entitled to his mind’s privacy. The privacy of our mind is the only thing we really have.
On a personal note though my great grandfather used to buy the Birmingham paper once a week and reading it lasted him all week. No doubt he read about the Minor trial in 1872 at the time when his first child, my grandfather was just a few weeks old. And another trivial note to tell you that a little black ant has just wandered across my laptop screen ! Now, where did he come from ?
If you are still with me then thank you for reading. Isn’t it amazing what one book can bring out in you !